As its name suggests, the Karoo Korhaan is a species that favours arid scrublands, preferring areas with a good ground cover and stony ground where its camouflage renders it very difficult to detect. It has also recently adapted to parts of the fynbos-biome as well the as planted croplands in that area. They follow an omnivorous diet, consuming flowers, fruit, leaves, bulbs and a wide range of invertebrates. Adult Karoo Korhaans weigh up to 2kg, with males quite a bit larger than the females.
These small bustards move around in pairs or small groups of up to 5. Breeding attempts have been recorded through most of the year, but summer appears to be the peak breeding season for the Karoo Korhaan. Pairs are monogamous and stay together throughout the year. The nest is a shallow scrape in the ground, usually hidden between shrubs and rocks. They lay a single egg, incubated by the female alone. Chicks leave the nest soon after hatching to forage along with their parents.
Thanks to a large and apparently increasing population and no apparent threats despite most of the population occurring outside formal conservation areas, the IUCN considers the Karoo Korhaan to be of Least Concern. They occur only in southern Namibia and parts of the Northern, Western and Eastern Cape Provinces in South Africa.